Evidence for Charging and Discharging of MoS2 and WS2 on Mica by Intercalating Molecularly Thin Liquid Layers

Journal article


Publication Details


Author list: Li H., Kovalchuk S., Kumar A., Liang D., Frank B.D., Lin H., Severin N., Bolotin K.I., Kirstein S., Rabe J.P.

Journal: physica status solidi (a)

Publication year: 2024

Volume number: 221

Issue number: 1

Publisher: Wiley-VCH Verlag

ISSN: 1862-6300

eISSN: 1862-6319

DOI: 10.1002/pssa.202300302

URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=85171755059&origin=inward

Languages: English-Great Britain


Abstract


Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) are often mechanically exfoliated on mica and examined under ambient conditions. It is known that above a certain relative humidity, a molecularly thin layer of water intercalates between the mica and the TMDC. Herein, the effect of molecularly thin liquid layers on the optical spectra of MoS2 and WS2 exfoliated on dry mica and exposed to the vapors of water, ethanol, and tetrahydrofuran (THF) is investigated. Photoluminescence and differential reflectance (ΔR/R) spectra on the TMDCs on dry mica show dominant trion emission due to n-doping. Intercalation of water removes charge doping and results in purely neutral exciton emission, while an ethanol layer, which can be reversibly exchanged with water, does not completely suppress charge. Similarly, THF intercalates between TMDC and mica, as shown by atomic force microscopy, but it does not suppress the charging of mica. In MoS2 bi- and trilayers, an intercalated water layer leads to a near doubling of the intensity of the indirect band transition. The described charging/discharging of TMDCs by molecular thin liquid layers can provide important clues to better control the optical properties of TMDCs under environmental conditions.



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Last updated on 2024-25-01 at 10:50