“The Rodney Dangerfield of Stylistic Devices”: End-to-End Detection and Extraction of Vossian Antonomasia Using Neural Networks


Details zur Publikation

Autor*innen: Schwab M, Jäschke R, Fischer F

Zeitschrift: Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence

Jahr der Veröffentlichung: 2022

Bandnummer: 5

Seiten: 868249-

ISSN: 2624-8212

DOI: 10.3389/frai.2022.868249

URL: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/frai.2022.868249/full


Vossian Antonomasia (VA) is a well-known stylistic device based on attributing a certain property to a person by relating them to another person who is famous for this property. Although the morphological and semantic characteristics of this phenomenon have long been the subject of linguistic research, little is known about its distribution. In this paper, we describe end-to-end approaches for detecting and extracting VA expressions from large news corpora in order to study VA more broadly. We present two types of approaches: binary sentence classifiers that detect whether or not a sentence contains a VA expression, and sequence tagging of all parts of a VA on the word level, enabling their extraction. All models are based on neural networks and outperform previous approaches, best results are obtained with a fine-tuned BERT model. Furthermore, we study the impact of training data size and class imbalance by adding negative (and possibly noisy) instances to the training data. We also evaluate the models' performance on out-of-corpus and real-world data and analyze the ability of the sequence tagging model to generalize in terms of new entity types and syntactic patterns.


Zuletzt aktualisiert 2023-18-09 um 12:50