SPP1285: Spin-dependent electron in GaAs/AlGaAs nanostructures (III)


The aim of this project within the DFG priority programm SPP1285 "Semiconductor Spinelectronics" is to investigate spin-dependent ballistic transport in nanoscale GaAs/AlGaAs field-effect heterostructures (FETs) of low spin-orbit coupling, and to extend the experimental studies to InAs/InGaAs field-effect heterostructures with an increased spin-orbit coupling for a direct comparison. Starting materials are modulation doped heterostructures with two-dimensional electron gases of high mobilities (> 10 6 cm 2 /Vs for GaAs-based FETs and >10 5 cm 2 /Vs for InAs-based FETs) from which Aharonov-Bohm ring structures are prepared by electron-beam lithography and wet-chemical etching. Four-terminal measurements of current and voltage characteristics are taken as a function of top voltages and magnetic fields at low temperatures (< 4.2 K). Local nanopatterned top-gates are used to control the electron densities in the electron waveguides of the ring. Quantum point contacts with large subband separations (>5-10 meV) are employed as energy and mode filters and the injection of spin polarized electrons in the ring is planned by using a quantum point contact as spin filter element in inplane magnetic fields. The amplitude and phase of the Aharonov-Bohm conductance oscillations is investigated for different operating modes of the injecting quantum point contact. Up-to-date, the transport in the mode occupation below the first mode of a quantum point contact is discussed with spin-related mechanisms and remains an unresolved issue. The objective is the investigation of spin-related dephasing mechanisms in the electronic quantum transport which is being approached by adding a single-electron transistor with tunable coupling to the ring structure. The transport experiments are accompanied and supported by collaborative research on optically-induced transport phenomena and theoretical calculations from partner groups within the priority programme SPP1285.

Projektleitung
Fischer, Saskia Prof. Dr. rer. nat. (Details) (Neue Materialien)

Laufzeit
Projektstart: 10/2011
Projektende: 07/2014

Forschungsbereiche
Experimentelle Physik der kondensierten Materie, Naturwissenschaften

Forschungsfelder
Elektronik, Experimentelle Physik, kondensierte Materie, Neue Materialien, Quanten-/Spinelektronik, Quantentechnologie

Zuletzt aktualisiert 2020-11-03 um 23:16