PP 1764/2: Female Employment Patterns, Fertility, Labor Market Reforms, and Firms: A Dynamic Treatment Approach

At a time of an aging society, low fertility, technology induced changes in the labour market, globalisation, and changing gender roles, female employment patterns and the combination of labour market and family work are of major interest both in research and in the policy debate. Female employment biographies involve quite heterogeneous patterns with different employment states at various points of their life cycle. Employment decisions are often related to parenthood and the division of household chores and child-rearing as well as to family income and a spouse's career. Entering parenthood and engaging in child-rearing affect the mother's and father's short-term and long-term dynamic employment and earnings paths. From a firm's perspective an employee's exit due to the birth of a child, be it temporary or permanent, alters hiring decisions and may affect the earnings and the careers of co-workers. Reforms of family policies and labour market regulations are likely to influence the career decisions of the workers and hiring and promotion policies of the firms. During the first funding period, this project focuses on the dynamics of female employment patterns, changes in fertility and labour supply across different cohorts (with a particular focus on the rise of part-time work), the career consequences of childbirth, and the effects of several reforms of family policies. It exploits a wide range of available administrative data sets and survey data sets. During the second funding period, we want to move on to the perspectives of the firm and of the couple and work on three new research questions using innovative administrative data. First, we will provide evidence on the effects of an exit due to the birth of a child on hiring decisions of the firm and on the careers of co-workers on which there is hardly any evidence so far. Second, we will contribute to the scarce literature investigating the effect of parenthood on the dynamics of the within couple earnings gap. Third, we will estimate the effect of job displacement of her husband on a spouse's career by focusing on her short-term and long-term career path.

Principal Investigators
Fitzenberger, Bernd Prof. Ph.D. (Details) (Econometrics (Faculty of Economics and Business Administration))

Duration of Project
Start date: 10/2018
End date: 10/2021

Research Areas
Economic Policy, Applied Economics, Statistics and Econometrics

Research Areas

Last updated on 2021-30-07 at 13:05