PP 1764/2: The German Labor Market in a Globalised World: Challenges through Trade, Technology, and Demographics


The recent severe recession has led to a reassessment of labour market policies across many industrialised countries. Technological change and changes in the division of labour, trade liberalisation, increasing labour mobility, demographic changes, low fertility rates, changes in labour force participation as well as labour market reforms have reshaped the way economies and their labour markets operate. The central purpose of the Priority Programme is to develop a deeper understanding of the challenges facing labour markets in Germany in particular and throughout Europe in a global context.
The Priority Programme addresses pertinent research issues on the link between trade, technology and demographic changes as they affect wages and employment. In an international perspective, the Priority Programme will analyse empirically the way the German labour market works with particular emphasis on labour market flows, on the role of institutions and policies, on the explanation for the increase in inequality, on demographic changes and on the links to education and important non-economic motives and outcomes.
An understanding of these issues is key for policies relating to skills development of the population at all ages, family issues and gender in the labour market, demography, child development, health, social policies, crime, immigration, as well as the macroeconomic performance of the labour market. The challenges posed by competition and potential immigration combined with demographic developments will not only affect various labour market groups in different ways, but also force human resource management practices to adapt.
The Priority Programme will take an interdisciplinary approach linking economic research with research in sociology and in human resource management and organisation in business administration. Building on theoretical contributions, the Priority Programme mainly involves empirical research making use of large micro-data sets with an emphasis on a comprehensive descriptive analysis or on estimating causal effects in the treatment-control group paradigm.
A particular focus will be given to projects that investigate labour market flows from micro- and macro-economic perspectives. Trademarks of this Priority Programme are the access to individual-level and firm-level labour market data of exceptional quality, state-of-the-art experiments and the close link to the policy debate.

Principal Investigators
Spitz-Oener, Alexandra Prof. Dr. (Details) (Political Economics (Applied Microeconomics))

Duration of Project
Start date: 10/2017
End date: 03/2021

Research Areas
Humanities and Social Sciences

Last updated on 2021-03-08 at 12:52