Distant regions underpin interregional flows of cultural ecosystem services provided by birds and mammals
Journal article

Publication Details

Author list: Schröter M., Kraemer R., Remme R.P., van Oudenhoven A.P.E.
Journal: AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment
Publication year: 2020
Volume number: 49
Issue number: 5
Pages: 1100-1113
Publisher: Springer Verlag (Germany)
ISSN: 0044-7447
eISSN: 1654-7209
Languages: English-Great Britain

Abstract

Ecosystem service assessments rarely consider flows between distant regions. Hence, telecoupling effects such as conservation burdens in distant ecosystems are ignored. We identified service-providing species for two cultural ecosystem services (existence and bequest, and birdwatching) and two receiving, i.e. benefitting, regions (Germany, the Netherlands). We delineated and analysed sending, i.e. service-providing, regions on a global scale. The proportion of service-providing species with distant habitats was higher for birdwatching (Germany: 58.6%, Netherlands: 59.4%), than for existence and bequest (Germany: 49.3%, Netherlands: 57.1%). Hotspots of sending regions were predominantly situated in tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas and shrublands and were significantly more threatened and poorer than the global mean. Hotspot protection levels for flows to Germany were higher than the global mean, and lower for the Dutch hotspots. Our findings increase understanding on how distant regions underpin ecosystem services and necessitate interregional assessment as well as conservation efforts.