How visual action shapes active vision

A key component of visual perception is our ability to move: In a flick of the eye, we see the time on the watch, and we quickly turn around if we hear our name in the crowd. Whereas other movements aim to change the state of the world, visual actions shift our eyes, heads, and bodies to align the retina with currently relevant parts of the world. Although they vitally extend the scope of high-acuity vision, their immediate sensory consequences have challenged scientists for centuries: How do we not experience the brisk motion of the entire scene on the retina every time the eyes move (perceptual omission)? How does the brain keep track of objects’ changing retinal locations across consecutive glances (object continuity). And how do we routinely attribute retinal motion to our own movements rather than to motion in the world (sense of agency). To explain these phenomena, research and theories across disciplines have focused on how the brain—using its knowledge about ongoing movement plans—predicts and compensates for undesirable side effects of visual actions. I pursue a radically new perspective based on a key insight: Visual actions follow distinct kinematic rules, and as every visual action translates directly into a movement of the world on the retinal image, these rules also directly govern the sensory input. Their sensory consequences can thus be distinguished from motion in the world based on the rules they follow. In embracing this idea, I challenge the long-standing idea that visual actions are a nuisance to sensory processing and propose instead that they support core functions in active vision. In an interdisciplinary team, we will leverage innovative technology, state-of-the art psychophysical tools and robust experimental protocols to find out if and how the active visual system learns and exploits the lawful relation between visual actions and their sensory consequences, to establish perceptual omission, object continuity, and the sense of agency.

Projektleitung
Rolfs, Martin Prof. Dr. (Details) (Allgemeine Psychologie - Aktive Wahrnehmung und Kognition (S))

Mittelgeber
European Research Council (ERC) - Consolidator Grant

Laufzeit
Projektstart: 01/2021
Projektende: 12/2025

Forschungsbereiche
Allgemeine, Biologische und Mathematische Psychologie

Forschungsfelder
Aktive Wahrnehmung und Kognition, Visuelle Wahrnehmung

Zuletzt aktualisiert 2020-26-10 um 12:53