Ein räumlich expliziter Ansatz der zellulären Agentenmodellierung
basierend auf der Spieltheorie zur Modellierung von Gruppenentscheidungsprozessen
in der urbanen Flächennutzungsplanung

In recent years the benefits of modeling techniques to analyze and support land use change decisions have gained increasing interest and a variety of techniques have been successfully developed. One of the most important components in land-use change processes, and particularly in urban areas where competing land use interests is high, are the stakeholders and the results of their interactive decisions. Hence, in recent decades, agent-based modeling, microsimulation, and group decision-making frameworks have been taken into consideration. However, most of the computer-based decision-making models are cause and effect models that neglect the fact that people make decisions consciously influenced by what others decide and finally they fail to deal with interactive decision situation.Game theory explains and addresses the interactive decision situations where the aims and preferences of the participants are potentially in conflict. Therefore, adding the perspective of a game on the decision-making process promises to include the rational behavior of multi-actors in an interdependent situation, that every decision-maker knows that his payoff will be affected by others' decisions and predicts how people behave following their own interest. On the other hand, negotiation plays an important role in resolving conflicts and in facilitating human interactions in group decision-making situation. In contrast to typical negotiation methods that do not consider the effect of decision-makers on each other's perspective, game theory develops a logical and rational method to deal with cooperation and negotiation in social and economic issues where the effect of every participant on others' decisions plays an important role in the obtained result.
The main goal of establishing this collaboration is to bring together two different modelling fields for the domain of land use change modeling: spatially explicit land use change modelling on the one side and techniques focusing on game-theory-based agents’ interactions on the other side. Developing such models aims to enhance the state-of-the art in this field of modelling and it may in the long run also contribute to a more sustainable land use decision-making processes that reflect the different agents’ interests. In contrast to previous group decision-making models that neglect the effect of decision-makers on the other's perspective, this collaboration explicitly aims to address the response of every participant on the others' decisions in a model. Here, we also aim to establish a collaboration for a comparative analysis of urban land use change decision-making from both countries which will contribute to develop more applicable models and methods and will help to overcome the problem that many urban studies focus on a specific case study only. Finally, we aim to develop a framework that yields a logical and transparent conception that will be available to different users in the context of land use change decision-making.

Projektleitung
Lakes, Tobia Prof. Dr. (Details) (Angewandte Geoinformationsverarbeitung)

Beteiligte externe Organisationen

Mittelgeber
DFG: Sonstiges

Laufzeit
Projektstart: 03/2020
Projektende: 03/2021

Forschungsbereiche
Humangeographie

Forschungsfelder
Geoinformatik

Zuletzt aktualisiert 2020-08-03 um 21:31