Exploiting plasmonic effects of metal nanostructures on single graphene sheets for the study of chemical functionalization and sensing (IRIS Adlershof)

Plasmonic effects in metal nanostructures show promise for chemical and biological sensing due to their high interfacial sensitivity to binding kinetics and growth phenomena. Suface plasmon resonances (SPR) at thin metal films efficiently transduce binding processes at surfaces into sensitive variations in the absorption characteristics. Local surface plasmons (LSPR) at metal nanoparticles provide a simple way to sense changes in dielectric constant of their local environment. The use of graphene in combination with such plasmonic structures extends the spectrum of possibilities in the context of sensing applications. This proposal aims to explore hybrids of graphene-metal nanostructures systematically with two specific goals in mind. First, the high interfacial sensitivity of SPR will be exploited to study the growth kinetics of functional layers on graphene in real time by electrochemical modification. In the same framework, the capability to modulate the interfacial sensitivity by an applied potential will be investigated. Secondly, the high photoresponsivity of graphene will be utilized in new architectures of graphene-metalnanoparticle
hybrids to evaluate their use as electrical detectors of LSPR of the nanoparticles in a fluidic environment. In all, the
proposed activities will extend the capabilities of (L)SPR-based detection using graphene and open avenues for the design of routinechemical sensors and biosensors.

Principal Investigators
Balasubramanian, Kannan Prof. Dr. (Details) (Nanoanalytics)

participating organizational facilities of the HU

DFG: Sachbeihilfe

Duration of Project
Start date: 11/2019
End date: 10/2022

Research Areas
Analytical Chemistry, Method Development (Chemistry)

Research Areas
Elektrochemie, Funktionalisierung, Graphene, Sensors, Surface Plasmon Resonance

Last updated on 2020-01-06 at 19:57